Unlocking the Secrets of 1-Chlorobutane

09 Jul.,2024


Unlocking the Secrets of 1-Chlorobutane.

1-Chlorobutane is an organic compound with the chemical formula C4H9Cl. It is a colorless liquid that is commonly used as a solvent and reagent in organic chemistry. The compound is also known by its other name, n-butyl chloride. The molecule contains a butyl chain and a chlorine atom attached to the first butyl carbon atom. 1-Chlorobutane has a wide range of applications in different industries. This article aims to shed light on the secrets of 1-chlorobutane.

What is 1-Chlorobutane?

1-Chlorobutane is a halogenated hydrocarbon that is obtained by reacting butane with chlorine. It is a reactive compound that can undergo various chemical reactions to form a range of products. The physical and chemical properties of 1-chlorobutane depend on the number and position of the halogen atoms attached to the carbon chain. The compound has a boiling point of 78.7°C and a melting point of -123.4°C. It is soluble in most organic solvents but insoluble in water.

Applications of 1-Chlorobutane.

1-Chlorobutane is widely used in different applications, ranging from organic synthesis to industrial manufacturing. Here are some of its main applications:

1. Solvent: 1-Chlorobutane is a commonly used solvent in organic chemistry. It is a non-polar solvent that can dissolve a range of organic compounds, such as oils, fats, and waxes. The solvent is also used in extraction and purification processes.

2. Reagent: 1-Chlorobutane is a useful reagent in organic synthesis. It can undergo various chemical reactions, such as nucleophilic substitution and elimination reactions, to form different compounds. The reagent is used in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, and other organic compounds.

3. Intermediates: 1-Chlorobutane is used as an intermediate in the manufacturing of other compounds, such as butyl rubber, butyl acrylate, and butyl acetate. The compound is also used in the production of fragrances, flavors, and dyes.

4. Leather tanning: 1-Chlorobutane is used in leather tanning processes as a degreasing agent. It helps to remove oil and grease from the animal hides before the tanning process.

Hazards and Safety Precautions.

1-Chlorobutane is a flammable and hazardous chemical that can cause a range of health issues if handled or used improperly. The compound can cause skin and respiratory irritation, chemical burns, and other health effects if exposed in large amounts or for prolonged periods. Here are some safety precautions to consider when handling 1-chlorobutane:

1. Wear protective clothing, such as goggles, gloves, and respiratory masks.

2. Use the compound in a well-ventilated area to avoid exposure to fumes and vapors.

3. Store the compound in a cool and dry place away from heat sources and ignition sparks.

4. Avoid direct contact with skin or eyes, and wash thoroughly with water and soap if exposed.

5. Dispose of the compound properly according to local regulations and guidelines.


In conclusion, 1-chlorobutane is a versatile compound that has various applications in different industries. The compound's unique properties make it useful as a solvent, reagent, and intermediate in organic synthesis, industrial manufacturing, and leather tanning processes. However, the compound's hazardous nature requires proper handling and safety precautions to avoid exposure and health effects. If you are interested in learning more about 1-chlorobutane and its applications, feel free to reach out to us.

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If you want to learn more, please visit our website 1-Chlorobutane CAS: 109-69-3, 1-chlorobutane boiling point, 107-92-6.